In 1605 and the group of plotters. Tried to blow up the House of parliaments, With barrels of gunpowder. The plotters placed the barrels in the basement. They tried to kill King James the 1st and his leaders.
History behind the night
His name was also known as Guido Fawkes. According to Wikipedia. Who Presumes Fawkes was born on 13 April 1570 and educated in York. Guido father died when he was eight years old. Leaving his mother to marry a recusant Catholic.
It all came down to the laws against the Catholics. When Queen Elizabeth 1st had the throne of England. She put some laws into effect against the roman catholic. At this point, the Catholics found these laws unfair, and they hoped that King James 1st would revert these placed laws. But to their disappointment and torment, he didn’t.
When King James the 1st got the throne, he passed more laws against the Catholics. It was a bad time for the Catholics. Practicing their religion in secret. There were even fines in place for people who didn’t attend the church on Sunday, Or on holy days.
The gunpowder plot
Robert Catesby, Was the man who made the plotting group and Guido was a member of this group. They plotted to blow up The house of parliament. This is where the laws of England are made. Their plan was simple. When King James the 1st opened the parliament, They planned to blow everyone up with gunpowder.
So they bought a house next door to the parliament building. This house had a cellar which led to the cellars of the Houses of Parliament. They planned to put gunpowder under the house and blow up parliament and the king.
The group managed to get 36 barrels of gunpowder into a cellar of the parliament. and Guido had the unfortunate job to watch over these barrels and light the fuse. A group member sent an anonymous letter to Lord Monteagle. Detailing to keep away from the house of parliament on November 5th.
This letter got sent to King James the 1st, who then made plans to send his forces to search the house of parliament. On the early hours of November 5th. He carried out his job. To watch over the barrels. That same morning, Under the king’s order.
The guards search the cellar and the to their delight. They found him has hidden along with the barrels full with gunpowder.
The treason punishment
He was then arrested on the spot. He was taken to the tower of London. Where then he was tortured and questioned about the other plotters. The lieutenant of the Tower was ordered by King James to use whatever means of torture was required to get information from guy Fawkes.
Fawkes didn’t say anything at first, but as the torture carried on. He started to reveal the rest of the plotting group names. Soon as Guy gave the names over. The king ordered his forces after them, Some got shot on the spot. And the rest got sent to the tower of London.
With the success of capturing the Plotters. And to his survival, King James ordered that every person in England have a great bonfire on the night of November 5th. In 1678, the parliament introduced their own tradition. To carry a search of the parliament cellars before the opening of each new session.
Much loved traditions
Today we still carry out the tradition of building a bonfire. All, though, We do not build them as big as they would have been back in 1605. We build effigies of Guy Fawkes to place on the bonfire. Throughout the 400 years. We have added our own touch to this classic tradition. Especially with food. Potatoes wrapped in foil. We even have our own fireworks on the night.
Join the Seasonal Forum, For all firework needs and questions to best buy.
Many organizations put on firework and bonfire displays, for the general public. Most people still prefer to use fireworks in their own back garden. We have even now adopted the firework for other celebrations throughout the year. Such as weddings and birthday celebrations.